Aurora Provincial Capitol
|Nickname(s): Land of the Golden Sunrise; Gateway to the Pacific|
|Motto: Bagong Sigla, Bagong Pag-asa
Map of the Philippines with Aurora highlighted
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Founded||1951 (sub-province of Quezon)|
|Province||August 13, 1979|
|• Type||Province of the Philippines|
|• Governor||Gerardo A. Noveras (NPC)|
|• Vice-Governor||Rommel Rico T. Angara (LDP)|
|• Total||3,147.32 km2(1,215.19 sq mi)|
|Area rank||45th out of 80|
|• Rank||70th out of 80|
|• Density||64/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||76th out of 80|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||0|
|• Districts||Lone district of Aurora|
|• Ethnic groups||Tagalog (53%),Ilocano (31%),Kapampangan,Kasigurahin,Kankana-ey (16%)|
|• Languages||Tagalog, Ilocano,Kapampangan,Pangasinan, English|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||3200 to 3207|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-AUR|
Aurora is a province of the Philippines located in the eastern part of Central Luzon region, facing the Philippine Sea. Its capital is Baler and borders, clockwise from the south, the provinces of Quezon, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija,Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, and Isabela.
Before 1979, Aurora was part of the province of Quezon. Aurora was, in fact, named after Aurora Aragon, the wife of Pres. Manuel L. Quezon, the president of the Philippine Commonwealth, after whom the mother province was named.
Aurora is a coastal province in east-central Luzon. To the north, it is bordered by the Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park of Isabela, to the west by the central range of the Sierra Madre which contains the Casecnan Protected Landscape and Aurora Memorial National Park, to the south by the Umiray River, and to the east by the Philippine Sea which opens to thePacific Ocean. The San Ildefonso Peninsula lies in the province's northern portion between the Philippine Sea and Casiguran Sound.
In 1572, the Spanish explorer Juan de Salcedo became the first European to visit the region that would be known as Aurora while he was exploring the northern coast of Luzon. Salcedo reportedly visited the towns of Casiguran, Baler and Infanta.
In the early days of the Spanish colonial period, Aurora was ecclesiastically linked to Infanta, which today rests further south, in northern Quezon. The earliest missionaries in the province were the Franciscans, who had established missions in Baler and Casiguran in 1609. Due to lack of available personnel, the region was given to the jurisdiction of the Agustinians and Recollects in 1658, but was returned to the Friars Minor in 1703. Other early missions included Dipaculao, established in 1719, and Casiguran, in 1753.
The early history of Aurora is linked to Quezon Province, of which it formed a part until its establishment as a province, and Nueva Ecija, under which the area was governed as the District of El Príncipe.
Aurora became a sub-province of Quezon in 1951, and finally attained provincehood during the presidency of Ferdinand E. Marcos, by virtue of Batas Pambansa Blg. 7 enacted on August 13, 1979.