Dumaguete, officially the City of Dumaguete, is a city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. It is the capital, principal seaport, and largest city of the province. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 120,883 people. The city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People.
Dumaguete is referred to as a university town because of the presence of four universities and a number of other colleges where students of the province converge to enroll for tertiary education. The city is also a popular educational destination for students of surrounding provinces and cities inVisayas and Mindanao. The city is best known for Silliman University, the country's first Protestantuniversity and the first American university in Asia. There are also 18 public elementary schools and 8 public high schools. The city's student population is estimated at 30,000.
The city attracts a considerable number of foreign tourists, particularly Europeans, because of easy ferry access from Cebu City, the availability of beach resorts and dive sites, and the attraction ofdolphin and whale watching in nearby Bais City.
The power source of the city comes from the geothermal power plant in Palinpinon, Valencia. The city has redundant fiber optic lines and is a focal point for telecommunications. It is the landing point for fiber optic cables linking it to Manila, the capital of the Philippines, the cities south of Luzon, as well as to other major cities in southern Philippines.
|City of Dumaguete
Dakbayan sa Dumaguete
Lungsod ng Dumaguete
Dumaguete City Hall
Map of Negros Oriental showing the location of Dumaguete City
|Coordinates: 09°19′N 123°18′E|
"Dumaguete" was coined from the Visayan word daggit, which means "to snatch". The word dumaguet, meaning "to swoop", was coined because of frequent raids by pirates on this once coastal town, and its power to attract and keep visitors. In 1572, Diego López Povedano indicated the place as Dananguet, but cartographer Pedro Murillo Velarde in 1734 already used present name of Dumaguete for the settlement.
The City has a land area of 3,362 hectares (8,310 acres),situated on the plains of the southeastern coast of Negros Island near the mouth of the Banica River. Of the province's 19 municipalities and 6 cities, Dumaguete is the smallest in terms of land area. It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Sibulan; on the south by the Municipality ofBacong; and on the west by the Municipality of Valencia. As a coastal city, it is bounded on the east by the Bohol Seaand the Tañon Strait, serving as a natural border to the neighboring provinces of Cebu, Bohol, and Siquijor.
The city's topography is generally flat from two to six kilometers from the shoreline. It slopes gently upwards to the adjoining municipality of Valencia. The highest ground elevation is located at the boundary of the municipality of Valencia, about one hundred meters above mean sea level. About 93% of the land have slopes of less than 3%.
Dumaguete has earned the distinction of being known as the "center of learning in the South," or a university town due to the presence of universities that have made their mark nationally and abroad. The city is a melting pot of students, professionals, artists, scholars and the literati coming from different parts of the country and the world.
Silliman University is the dominant institution of higher learning in Dumaguete, providing the city with a distinct university town atmosphere. It is the first Protestant university in the country and the first Americanuniversity in Asia. The 610,000 m² campus is adjacent to and intermixed with the city's downtown district.Some of its buildings have likewise been recognized as landmarks. These buildings include the Silliman Hall, Katipunan Hall, the Luce Auditorium, and the Silliman Main Library (considered as one of the biggest libraries in the Philippines)
Other universities located in the city are Foundation University, a private non-sectarian university, it does not only offer college education but it also offers kindergarten, grade school, and high school education. Negros Oriental State University (or NORSU, with two main campuses: NORSU main 1 and 2), and St. Paul University Dumaguete (1904), which is the first Saint Paul educational institution to be established in the Philippines by the Sisters of Saint Paul of Chartres (SPC) from France.SPUD is known for academic courses like Nursing, Tourism, HRM, History and Mass Communication. With the exception of NORSU, these universities also have grade schools and high schools.
Dumaguete's diversified outsourcing industry services range from call centers, publishing, medical transcription, animation, editing, and architectural outsourcing. With more than a dozen IT and BPO locators, Dumaguete City is becoming one of the preferred Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Information Technology (IT) hubs of the Philippines.
Sibulan Airport (IATA: DGT, ICAO: RPVD), also known as Dumaguete Airport, is the city's domestic airport located in neighboring Sibulan. It provides daily flights to and from Manila and Cebu City through Cebu Pacific and Philippine Airlines.
From the port of Dumaguete, there are daily ferry connections to the islands of Bohol, Siquijor and Mindanao operated by Montenegro Lines, Ocean Jet Shipping, Cokaliong and other shipping companies. From smaller ports north of Dumaguete, there are short and frequent ferry connections to the island of Cebu.
The main form of public transport in Dumaguete is the motorized tricycle (Philippines). The Dumaguete version of the motorized tricycle (Philippines)can fit up to 6-8 passengers at a time. For transport to destinations outside the city limit, there are jeepney and buses travelling set routes. Dumaguete has 3 major bus terminals.