Calamba (PSGC: 043405000), officially known as theCity of Calamba (Filipino: Lungsod ng Kalamba) and often referred to as Calamba City, is a component cityof Laguna, Philippines. It is the regional center of theCALABARZON region. It is situated 54 kilometres (34 mi) south of Manila, the city is known as the Resort Capital of the Philippines because of its numerous hot spring resorts, which are mostly located in Barangay Pansol, Bucal and Bagong Kalsada.
According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 389,377 people, making it the most populous local government unit in Laguna. It is the 5th densest city in the province with more than 2,600 people per square kilometer after San Pedro, Biñan, Cabuyao and Santa Rosa. Based on the overall rankings of the 2014 Cities and Municipalities Index, the city ranked 18th in the overall competitiveness (cities ranking) and 1st among cities in the CALABARZON region.
Calamba City is the hometown of the Philippine national hero, Jose Rizal.
Tourism and places of interest
Here are some of Calamba City's tourist destinations:
Jose Rizal monument in The Plaza Calamba
- Rizal Shrine
- This is located at Calamba City Proper. Beside the St. John the Baptist Church, it is where José Rizal, the Philippines' national hero, lived before he was executed in Rizal Park.
- Calamba Rizal Park/The Plaza
- This public park in Barangay Real commemorates Jose Rizal. Erected on a 7 hectares (17 acres) land at Calamba City Hall Complex, the monument is 22 feet (6.7 m) tall, with the number symbolizing the 22 languages and dialects used by Rizal. It sits on top of a 15-step podium, symbolizing one decade since Rizal was born. The monument was once cited as the tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World, until a monument of Rizal was built in Santa Cruz, Laguna for thePalarong Pambansa 2014. The monument was inaugurated by President Benigno Aquino III in preparation for the National Hero's sesquicentennial birth anniversary on June 19, 2011.
- Banga/Pot of Calamba
- Banga (also Calambanga) is a large pot that symbolizes the name of Calamba City. The name of Calamba City derived from the two words, "kalan" and "banga". The barangays in Calamba was inscripted around the pot. This pot is also known as Calambanga.
- St. John the Baptish Parish Church
- Established in 1859, the Calamba Church, also St. John the Baptish Parish Church was burned by the Japanese during World War II. It was reconstructed by Fr. Eliseo Dimaculangan. It was the christening site of José Rizal. The original baptismal font has been preserved and refurbished.
- Nuvali Republic Wakepark
Republic Wakepark in Nuvali
The newest and most innovative wakepark in the world. Located at Nuvali, Canlubang, Calamba City.
- Wonder Island Resort
- Situated on a two-hectare island in the middle of Laguna de Bay, Wonder Island Resort is surrounded by the wide expanse of the largest freshwater lake in the country. About 50 kilometers south of Manila, the island can be reached via Calamba in Laguna, with a seven-minute ride aboard the sleek, safe and ultra-comfortable air-conditioned ferryboat.
- Hot Spring Resorts
- Most resorts in Calamba are located in Barangays Pansol, Bucal and Bagong Kalsada.