Marikina (/mərɪˈkɪnə/), officially the City of Marikina(Filipino: Lungsod ng Marikina), located in the island ofLuzon in the Philippines, is one of the cities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. Marikina shortly became a former capital of the Province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence from 1898 to 1899.
Marikina was given the title Shoe Capital of the Philippines because of its notable shoe industry, being the biggest manufacturer of shoes in the Philippines, producing almost 70% of shoe production in the country. The Shoe Museum houses part of the famous shoe collection of the former First Lady Imelda Marcos, shoes of some of the world leaders and celebrities and shoes of different countries, making it the world's largest collection of pair of shoes in a museum.
Marikina is the main gateway of Metro Manila to Rizal Province as well as Quezon Province. It is one of the most awarded metropolitan city in the Philippines, including the prestigious "Most Competitive Cities in the Philippines" awarded by National Competitiveness Council in 2003 and 2005, and until now, Marikina maintains on top 10 list in Philippine rankings, and ranking number 1 in Metro Manila for many years.The city is rapidly transformed into a highly urbanized and one of the wealthiest local government unit in the Philippines. It is also home of some of high-end communities in Metro Manila, such as Loyola Grand Villas, Provident Villages and gated communities in Barangay Industrial Valley and Marikina Heights where many of the wealthy and famous live.
|Highly Urbanized City|
|City of Marikina|
Clockwise from top left: Cityhood Park, Largest Pair of Shoes in the world, Marikina Sports Center, Riverbanks Center, Marikina City skyline, Our Lady of the Abandoned Church, Shoe Museum, Marquinton Residences, Marcos Highway, Roman Garden at Marikina River Park, Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina
Every barangay in Marikina has a public primary school and also a growing numbers of public secondary schools. It has also a public tertiary and vocational schools for continuous education in the city. It has also a centralized public library. Department of Education division office and TESDA office are located in Marikina. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Marikina sets the first city-owned university along with Marikina Polytechnic College and Marikina Science High School. Marikina Catholic School serves as the Catholic-owned school in Marikina.
There are also a number of prominent private schools in Marikina such as National Christian Life College, Roosevelt College, Our Lady of Perpetual Succor College, Marist School, St. Scholastica's Academy, Kostka School, Mother of Divine Providence School, St. Nicholas School, Holy Trinity School, Charis School, Infant Jesus Academy, San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila School, Ingenium School Foundation, and among others.
Technical and IT schools are also growing in the city including AMA Computer College East Rizal, STI College Marikina, International Electronics and Technical Institute, Informatics Professional Development, and among others.
Marikina was the biggest manufacturer of quality shoes, and Marikina produced 70% of the shoe production in the Philippines. It is also the Philippines' largest exporter of leather shoes throughout the world. Most of locally produced shoes are made in Marikina, it produced shoes which is made of rubber, wood (bakya) and plastic as well as sandals, slippers and other footwear that tagged Marikina as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines. Hundreds of footwear establishments are located across the city and generates thousands of jobs that remained the shoe and leather industry still the top livelihood in the city. By the 2000s, the Marikina shoe industry was affected by competition from Chinese manufacturers,.