Quirino is a land-locked province in the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Cabarroguis and was named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines.
The province borders Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north. Quirino used to be part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, until it was separated in 1966.
Quirino Provincial Capitol
Long before its formal creation as an independent province, Quirino was the forest region of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, inhabited by tribal groups known as the Negritos. They roamed the hinterlands and built their huts at the heart of the jungle.
On June 18, 1966, Republic Act 4734 was enacted, constituting the municipalities of Diffun, Saguday, Aglipay, and Maddela (all of Nueva Vizcaya province) into a new sub-province to be known as "Quirino", named after the late Philippine president Elpidio Quirino.
On June 21, 1969, Republic Act 5554 was enacted, amending RA 4734 and creating the municipality of Cabarroguis (now the provincial capital town), which was taken from portions of Diffun, Saguday, and Aglipay
Republic Act 6394, authored by former Congressman Leonardo B. Perez, was passed on September 10, 1971 further amending RA 5554and separating the sub-province of Quirino from its mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, constituting it into a regular province.
The province of Quirino was formally established on February 10, 1972 upon the assumption to office of the first elected provincial and municipal officials headed by Dionisio A. Sarandi as Provincial Governor.
On February 25, 1983, Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 was enacted, creating within Quirino the municipality of Nagtipunan, a division of the municipality of Maddela.
Agriculture is the main industry in the province, with rice and corn as major crops. These supply the demand of neighboring provinces and the metropolis. Banana as well as banana chips are major products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga. Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower production are prevalent.
The quiet province has numerous natural attractions such as waterfalls and caves. It also offers several souvenir-worthy products such as native delicacies, which include Kamias prunes, peanut products, tamarind candy and ginger tea (in the municipality of Saguday), and wooden furniture.
- Nagbukel Cave at Diffun, Quirino is a place for retreats. Local tourists usually visit during the holy week for picnic, hiking, and communing with nature. The place is being maintained and developed by the Lamplighter, a religious sect. The cave is four kilometers away from the capital town.
- Aglipay Caves and Provincial Forest Park is a venue for communing with nature. A series of 38 caves, seven of which have been developed as tourist spots. Located in the midst of rolling hills and verdant forest, the caves boast of peculiar characteristics of their own such as an underground spring and well-preserved stalagmites and stalactites. The caves interlink with each other and run to a depth of about 20 meters.
- Governor Rapids is known for its gigantic perpendicular walls of limestone jutting out from one side of the Cagayan River framing the Sierra Madre Mountains and its swift turbulent deep blue waters is a venue for kayaking, white river rafting, swimming and fishing. The riverside offers a suitable picnic ground with a magnificent view of the river. This part of the region is also home to Agtas or Negritos.
- Aglipay Town is a historic town having patterned its named from Fr. Gregorio Aglipay, a Philippine Independent Church priest who rebelled against the Spanish Colonizers in his time and settled at the banks of Addalam River in Aglipay.
- Nagtipunan Town is the home of lush virgin forest and is being developed as a gateway to Aurora Province through Barangay Sangbay. About 54 kilometers from Cabarroguis, the town is a venue for camping and eco-tourism activities. It is also home to the famous rock formation called Bimmapor, a rock formation similar to a ship’s stern which is about to sink. The area is recommended for rock climbing trekking, swimming, rafting, excursion and fishing, among others. It is less than an hour’s drive from the Municipal Hall where overnight accommodation is available. The Cagayan River this part of the town is suitable for white water rafting, kayaking and fly-fishing.
- Bisangal Falls in Maddela rests on a virgin forestland. The place serves as a sanctuary for endangered species of wildlife and is located 35 kilometers from Cabarroguis, the capital town. The falls offers several drop basins for bathing and picnic huts are available for excursion.
- Mactol Falls/San Pugo Falls - towering falls about 50 meters high spills into a shimmering basin about twenty-two meters deep.
- Jose Ancheta Falls - located at Barangay Jose Ancheta in Maddela, towering at about 30 feet. Located 18 kilometers from the town center and about 10 minutes trek to the falls.
- Casecnan Protected Landscape