Romblon is an island province of the Philippineslocated in the MIMAROPA region. It lies south of Marinduque and Quezon, east of Mindoro, north of Aklan and Capiz, and west of Masbate. Its capital is also named Romblon. According the May 2010 Philippine census, it has a total population of 283,930 people.
Romblon's early inhabitants were the Negritos from Panay and Mangyan tribes from Mindoro. Ancient wooden coffins discovered in caves of Banton Island in 1936 signify a rich ancient civilization and culture in the province before the arrival of the Spaniards. These artifacts are currently in display at the National Museum in Manila.
The province of Romblon has a mainly agricultural economy with copra farming, fishing, and rice farming as the chief agricultural activities. The fertile soil nurtures various agricultural crops like coconut, rice, corn, bananas, raffia palm, root crops, fruit trees, and many others. Its abundant fishing grounds supplies fish to various distribution centers in Batangas and Quezon province. The capital town of Romblon and the port town of Odiongan are the province's trade and commercial centers.
Mining is also a lucrative industry in the province due to its vast mineral resources. Aside from marble, the islands are rich in granite, nickel, silica, mercury, zinc, copper, silver, limestone, sulfide, ores, kaolin, clay, magnesium, and quartz. Gold panning sites have sprouted in some of the mountain stream areas in Magdiwang, Sibuyan Island.
In recent years, tourism has also become a viable source of income for the province with its pristine beaches and crystal clear waters. Dive resorts such as in Concepcion and Cresta del Gallo have attracted local and foreign tourists alike.Carabao Island is also being eyed by its local government as the next Boracay, a popular vacation destination in Aklan province, which is only a few nautical miles from the island.
Situated at the center of the archipelago, Romblon links the supply areas of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Inter-island ferries from Manila, the Southern Luzon ports of Batangas City, Lucena City in Quezon province, Roxas, Oriental Mindoro, and Roxas City in Panay Island are the primary mode of transportation linking the province to the rest of the country. The province's main ports of entry are Odiongan, and the capital town of Romblon. Motorized wooden boats and launches also links the province to the towns of Buenavista, Marinduque and Pinamalayan, Oriental Mindoro.
Tugdan Airport in Alcantara, Tablas Island, is the only airport in the province and is less than an hour away from Metro Manila via flights once a week by South East Asian Airlines and three time a week by Zest Airways.