Tacloban (English: /təkˈloʊbɒn/ tək-loh-bahn; Waray-Waray and Tagalog: [tɐkˈloban]) officially the City of Tacloban (Waray-Waray: Syudad han Tacloban, Tagalog:Lungsod ng Tacloban), is the capital and seat of government of the Region of Eastern Visayas (Region VIII). It is approximately 360 miles (580 km) southeast of Manila. It was the first city in Region VIII to become a "Highly Urbanized City" and is the largest city in terms of population in Eastern Visayas. It is also the regional center of theEastern Visayas, being the main gateway by air to the region. Tacloban was briefly the capital of the Philippines, from 20 October 1944 to 27 February 1945.
In an extensive survey conducted by the Asian Institute of Management Policy Center and released in July 2010, Tacloban City was ranked among the top ten most competitive cities in the Philippines. Tacloban ranked fifth overall, and second in the emerging cities category.
Tacloban was first known as Kankabatok, an allusion to the first inhabitants –Kabatok. They established their dwellings in the vicinity of the present day Sto Niño Church. Others who came later were Gumoda, Haraging and Huraw who erected their own settlements in nearby sites. Huraw’s domain is the hill where the city hall now sits. The combined settlements acquired the name Kankabatok, meaningKabatok’s property.